ECE REGÜLASYONLARI

Araç Tip Onayı ve Homologasyon


Bir otomobilin tip testi, hem bütün hem de ayrıntı olarak ilgili standartlara uyumluluğunun doğrulanmasını içermektedir. Mekanik parçaların güvenilirliğinin testinden aracın güvenlik unsurlarına ve ergonomik ve konfor unsurlarının testine kadar farklılık gösteren bir çok testin gerçekleştirilmesini gerektirmektedir.

Motorlu Araç Tip Onayı 

Tip onayı,  “Motorlu Araçlar ve Römorkları”, “İki veya Üç Tekerlekli Araçlar”, “Tekerlekli Tarım veya Orman Traktörleri” ve bu araçların aksam, parça, sistemleri ile birlikte bazı teknik üniteleri konusunda Avrupa Birliği’nin (AB) Eski Yaklaşım Direktifleri’nden uyumlaştırılarak yayımlanan yönetmelikler ve regülasyonlar ile Birleşmiş Milletler Avrupa Ekonomik Komisyonu (BM/AEK) regülasyonları kapsamına giren ürünlerin bu yönetmelik veya regülasyonlara uygun olduğunu ve gerekli bütün uygunluk değerlendirme faaliyetlerinden geçtiğini gösteren belgelendirme sistemidir.
Herhangi bir motorlu aracın, römorkun, motosiklet veya mopedin ve traktörün trafiğe tescili aşamasında gerekli olan Uygunluk Belgesinin düzenlenebilmesi için söz konusu araç tipinin “Araç Tip Onayı Belgesine” sahip olması gerekmektedir. 2918 sayılı Karayolları Trafik Kanunu’ nun 29. maddesi uyarınca, yapım safhasında, araçların tip onayı yönetmeliği ile buna bağlı diğer yönetmeliklerin yayımlanmasında ülkemizde Bilim, Sanayi ve Teknoloji Bakanlığı yetkilidir.
 

Araç Tip Onayı Numaralandırılması

 
Tip onayı belgelendirme işleminden geçen her ürüne ayrı bir tip onayı numarası verilir. Bu numaralandırma işlemi “Onay Kuruluşu”olarak adlandırılan kurum veya kuruluşlar tarafından yapılır. Onay kuruluşları, tip onaylarını “Araç Tip Onayı” ve “Aksam Tip Onayı”olmak üzere iki türde verebilmektedir. Aksam tip onayları, ilgili yönetmeliği veya regülasyonu bulunan araç aksamları, parçaları, sistemleri ile birlikte teknik ünitelerine verilir.
 

Motorlu Araçlarla İlgili Tip Onayı Mevzuatı

 
Araç Tip Onayı işlemleri, ülkemizde yayımlanan ana yönetmelikler olan Motorlu Araçlar ve Römorkları Tip Onayı Yönetmeliği (MARTOY), Tekerlekli Tarım veya Orman Traktörleri Tip Onayı Yönetmeliği (TORTOY) ve İki ve Üç Tekerlekli Motorlu Araçların Tip Onayı Yönetmeliği (MOTOY) kapsamında, yukarıda belirtilen AB direktifleri veya regülasyonları göz önünde bulundurularak yürütülmektedir. Araçların İmal, Tadil ve Montajı (AİTM) Hakkındaki Yönetmelik kapsamındaki tadilatlarla ilgili işlemler ise, tarafımızdan yapılabilmektedir.
 

"E" ve "e" İşaretlemeleri

 
"e" işaretlemesi, araç ve araçların sistem, aksam veya ayrı teknik ünitelerinin AB’nin MARTOY veya TORTOY veya MOTOY konusundaki yönetmeliklere uygun tip onay belgeli olduğunu gösterir.
“E” işaretlemesi, araçların aksam, parça, sistem ve ayrı teknik ünitelerinin 1958 Cenevre Andlaşması eki olarak yayımlanan BM/AEK regülasyonlarına uygun tip onay belgeli olduğunu gösterir.
Aynı konuyla ilgili “e” ve “E” işaretlemeleri eşdeğer olarak kabul edilmektedir.
 

Tip Onayı Alması Gereken Araçlar


İmalatçı firmalar ürettikleri her ayrı tip Motorlu Araç, Motosiklet, Moped, Traktör, Römork ve Yarı römork için Araç Tip Onayı Belgesi almalıdır. İthal araçların da AT Tip Onayına haiz olması gerekmektedir.

Akredite Olunan Direktifler ve Regülasyonlar


Reference Title
70/157/EEC Permissible sound level and the exhaust system of motor vehicles
70/221/EEC Liquid fuel tanks and rear protective devices for motor vehicles and their trailers
70/222/EEC Space for mounting and the fixing of rear registration plates on motor vehicles and their trailers
70/311/EEC Steering equipment for motor vehicles and their trailers
70/387/EEC Doors of motor vehicles and their trailers
70/388/EEC Audible warning devices for motor vehicles
71/320/EEC Braking devices of certain categories of motor vehicles and their trailers
72/245/EEC Radio interference (electromagnetic compatibility) of vehicles
72/306/EEC Measures to be taken against the emission of pollutants from diesel engines for use in vehicles
74/60/EEC Interior fittings of motor vehicles (interior parts of the passenger compartment other than the interior rear-view mirrors, layout of controls, the roof or sliding roof, the backrest and rear part of seats)
74/61/EEC Devices to prevent the unauthorized use of motor vehicles
74/297/EEC Interior fittings of motor vehicles (the behaviour of the steering mechanism in the event of an impact)
74/408/EEC Seats, anchorages and head restraints of motor vehicles
74/483/EEC External projections of motor vehicles
75/443/EEC Reverse and speedometer of motor vehicles
76/114/EEC Statutory plates and inscriptions for motor vehicles and their trailers, and their location and method of attachment
76/115/EEC Anchorages for motor vehicle safety belts
76/756/EEC Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices on motor vehicles and their trailers
77/389/EEC Motor vehicle towing devices
77/541/EEC Safety belts and restraint systems of motor vehicles
77/649/EEC Field of vision of motor vehicle drivers
78/316/EEC Interior fittings of motor vehicles (identification of controls, tell-tales and indicators)
78/317/EEC Defrosting and demisting systems of glazed surfaces of motor vehicles
78/318/EEC Wiper and washer systems of motor vehicles
78/549/EEC Wheel guards of motor vehicles
78/932/EEC Head restraints of seats of motor vehicles
80/1268/EEC Fuel consumption of motor vehicles
80/1269/EEC Engine power of motor vehicles
89/297/EEC Lateral protection (side guards) of certain motor vehicles and their trailers
91/226/EEC Spray-suppression systems of certain categories of motor vehicles and their trailers
92/6/EEC Installation and use of speed limitation devices for certain categories of motor vehicles
92/21/EEC Masses and dimensions of motor vehicles of category M1
92/22/EEC Safety glazing and glazing materials on motor vehicles and their trailers
92/23/EEC Tyres for motor vehicles and their trailers and their fitting
92/24/EEC Speed limitation devices or similar speed limitation on-board systems of certain categories of motor vehicles
92/114/EEC External projections forward of the cab's rear panel of motor vehicles of category N
94/20/EC Mechanical coupling devices of motor vehicles and their trailers and their attachment to those vehicles
95/28/EC Burning behaviour of materials used in interior construction of certain categories of motor vehicles
96/27/EC Protection of occupants of motor vehicles in the event of a side impact and amendment of Directive  70/156/EEC
96/79/EC Protection of occupants of motor vehicles in the event of a frontal impact and amendment of Directive  70/156/EEC
97/27/EC Masses and dimensions of certain categories of motor vehicles and their trailers and amendment of Directive  70/156/EEC
97/68/EC Emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from internal combustion engines to be installed in non-road mobile machinery
98/91/EC Motor vehicles and their trailers intended for the transport of dangerous goods by road and amending Directive  70/156/EEC
2000/40/EC The approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the front underrun protection of motor vehicles and amending Council Directive  70/156/EEC
2001/56/EC Heating systems for motor vehicles and their trailers, amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC and repealing Council Directive 78/548/EEC
2001/85/EC Special provisions for vehicles used for the carriage of passengers comprising more than eight seats in addition to the driver's seat, and adaptation of Directive  70/156/EEC and  97/27/EC
2003/97/EC Type-approval of devices for indirect vision and of vehicles equipped with these devices, amending Directive  70/156/EEC and repealing Directive  71/127/EEC
2005/55/EC Emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants from compression-ignition engines for use in vehicles, and the emission of gaseous pollutants from positive-ignition engines fuelled with natural gas or liquefied petroleum gas for use in vehicles
2005/64/EC Type-approval of motor vehicles with regard to their reusability, recyclability and recoverability and amending Council Directive 70/156/EEC
2006/40/EC Emissions from air conditioning systems in motor vehicles and amending Directive 70/156/EEC
2007/46/EC Establishing a framework for the approval of motor vehicles and their trailers, and of systems, components and separate technical units intended for such vehicles (Framework Directive)
715/2007 Emissions from light passenger and commercial vehicles (Euro 5 and Euro 6) and on access to vehicle repair and maintenance information
78/2009 Protection of pedestrians and other vulnerable road users
672/2010 Defrosting and demisting systems of glazed surfaces of motor vehicles
1003/2010 Type-approval requirements for the space for mounting and the fixing of rear registration plates on motor vehicles and their trailers
1005/2010 Type-approval requirements for motor vehicle towing devices
1008/2010 Type-approval requirements for windscreen wiper and washer systems of certain motor vehicles
1009/2010 Type-approval requirements for wheel guards of certain motor vehicles
19/2011 Statutory plates and inscriptions for motor vehicles and their trailers, and their location and method of attachment
109/2011 Spray-suppression systems of certain categories of motor vehicles and their trailers
458/2011 Installation of tyres on motor vehicles and their trailers
65/2012 Gear shift indicators
130/2012 Vehicle access and manoeuvrability
347/2012 Implementing Regulation 661/2009 with regard to advanced emergency braking systems
351/2012 Installation of lane departure warning systems in motor vehicles
1230/2012 Type-approval requirements for masses and dimensions of motor vehicles and their trailers
93/14/EEC Braking of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
93/30/EEC Audible warning devices for two or three-wheel motor vehicles
93/33/EEC Protective devices intended to prevent the unauthorized use of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
93/93/EEC Masses and dimensions of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
95/1/EC Maximum design speed, maximum torque and maximum net engine power of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
97/24/EC Certain components or characteristics of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
2000/7/EC Speedometers and amendment of Directive  92/61/EEC
2002/24/EC Type-approval of two or three-wheel motor vehicles and repealing Council Directive 92/61/EEC
2009/62/EC Space for mounting the rear registration plate of two or three-wheel motor vehicles
2009/67/EC Installation of lighting and light signalling devices on two or three-wheel motor vehicles
2009/78/EC Stands for two-wheel motor vehicles
2009/79/EC Passenger hand-holds of two-wheel motor vehicles
2009/80/EC Identification of controls, telltales and indicators for two or three-wheel motor vehicles
2009/139/EC Statutory markings for two or three-wheel motor vehicles
76/432/EEC Braking devices
76/763/EEC Passenger seats
77/537/EEC Measures to be taken against the emission of pollutants from diesel engines
78/764/EEC Driver's seat
80/720/EEC Operating space, access to the driving position and the doors and windows
86/297/EEC Power take-offs and their protection
86/298/EEC Rear mounted roll-over protection structures of narrow-track wheeled agricultural and forestry tractors
86/415/EEC Installation, location, operation and identification of the controls
87/402/EEC Roll-over protection structures mounted in front of the driver's seat on narrow-track wheeled agricultural and forestry tractors
2000/25/EC Against the emission of gaseous and particulate pollutants by engines intended to power agricultural or forestry tractors
2003/37/EC Relating to the type-approval of agricultural or forestry tractors, their trailers and interchangeable towed machinery, together with their systems, components and separate technical units and repealing Directive  74/150/EEC
2008/2/EC Field of vision, windscreen wipers
2009/57/EC Roll-over protection structures
2009/58/EC Coupling device and the reverse
2009/59/EC Rear-view mirrors
2009/60/EC Maximum design speed and load platforms
2009/61/EC Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices
2009/63/EC Certain parts and characteristics (maximum permissible laden mass, position and mounting of rear registration plate, liquid fuel tanks, ballast weights, audible warning devices, permissible sound level, exhaust system)
2009/64/EC Suppression of radio interference
2009/66/EC Steering equipment
2009/68/EC Installation of lighting and light-signalling devices
2009/75/EC Roll-over protection structures
2009/76/EC Driver-perceived noise level